WARBURG, OTTO HEINRICH

WARBURG, OTTO HEINRICH (1883–1970), German biochemist and Nobel Prize winner; Warburg was born in Freiburg, Baden, the son of the physicist Emil Warburg (1846–1931), and, like his father, was baptized. He worked on radiation physics in the Physikalische Reichanstalt Berlin-Charlottenburg, of which his father was president from 1906 to 1922. In 1918 he went to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut fuer Biologie in Berlin-Dahlem, and for over 30 years from 1930 was director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut fuer Zellphysio logie. He was one of the very few scientists of Jewish descent who remained undisturbed in his position during the Nazi period. He never taught, except for directing his research associates. Warburg was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine in 1931 "for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme." Warburg also designed a manometric apparatus for measuring the respiration of cells, tissues, or extracts of tissues, and an inhibition technique employing carbon monoxide, which are both widely used by biochemists all over the world. Warburg contributed to scientific journals, and wrote several books, including Stoffwechsel der Tumoren (1926; The Metabolism of Tumours, 1930); Katalytische Wirkungen der lebendigen Substanz (1928); and Heavy Metal Prosthetic Groups and Enzyme Action (1949). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: T.N. Levitan, Laureates: Jewish Winners of the Nobel Prize (1960), 141–3. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Warburg,Otto Heinrich — War·burg (wôrʹbərg, värʹbo͝ork ), Otto Heinrich. 1883 1970. German biochemist. He won a 1931 Nobel Prize for research on the respiration of cells. * * * …   Universalium

  • Warburg , Otto Heinrich — (1883–1970) German physiologist Warburg, who was born at Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany, was the son of Emil Warburg, a distinguished professor of physics at Berlin. Otto was educated at the University of Berlin, where he obtained his PhD in… …   Scientists

  • Warburg, Otto Heinrich — (1883–1970)    German biochemist and Nobel laureate, 1931. Warburg studied the respiratory mechanisms of cancerous tissue as opposed to normal tissue and found that the oxygen intake in the former was distinctly lower. Unfortunately this… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Warburg, Otto (Heinrich) — born Oct. 8, 1883, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger. died Aug. 1, 1970, West Berlin, W.Ger. German biochemist. In the 1920s, after earning doctorates in chemistry and medicine, he investigated the process by which oxygen is consumed in the cells of… …   Universalium

  • Warburg, Otto Heinrich — (1883 1970)    German biochemist. He studied the respiratory mechanisms of cancerous tissue. He received the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Warburg, Otto Heinrich — ► (1883 1970) Fisiólogo alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1931, por sus estudios acerca de los fenómenos enzimáticos de la respiración celular …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Warburg, Otto (Heinrich) — (8 oct. 1883, Friburgo en el Breisgau, Alemania–1 ago. 1970, Berlín Occidental, República Federal de Alemania). Bioquímico alemán. En la década de 1920, después de obtener doctorados en química y medicina, investigó el proceso por el cual las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Heinrich Warburg — (* 8. Oktober 1883 in Freiburg i. Br.; † 1. August 1970 in Berlin), Sohn von Emil Warburg, war ein deutscher Biochemiker, Arzt und P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Heinrich Warburg — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Otto Heinrich Warburg — This article is about the biochemist and Nobel laureate. For the World Zionist Organization president, see Otto Warburg (botanist). Otto Heinrich Warburg Otto Heinrich Warburg …   Wikipedia

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